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Dashamahavidya_07 Chinnamasta Devi

In the Dasha Maha Vidya Godesses, Chinnamasta Devi is one of the major deities of the Hindu mythology. Chinnamasta is one of the tantric deities. The goddess is also known as the Chinnamastika or prachandachandika. This goddess is also very important in Vajrayana Buddhism. The goddess is known in the Vajrayana Buddhism as the Chinnamunda. Chinnamasta is one of the ten incarnations of the supreme form of primordial power. The term Chinnamasta means the severed head. The ten forms are:- Kali, Tara, Shodashi, Bhuvaneswari, Bhairavi, Chinnamasta, Dumavati, Bagalamukhi, Matangi and Kamala. In “Yoni Pratishta” and menstrual celebration, the goddess Chinnamasta is worshiped. It is the image of the goddess Chinnamasta standing with a self-amputated head. This goddess is one of the most important goddesses of tantric gods. This goddess is known as a creature and destroyer. The chinnamasta is a concept embodied in the esoteric principles of yoga science. The goddess, whose feet pressed the young lovers engaged in “Kama Keli”, is trampling on the lustful lusts of the lustful man, and puts the limits for man's lust. The goddess cut off the head, the symbol of pride of all who is the controller of “Kamasakthi” and the stimulator of Kama, so as to eradicate self-pride in the human being. The goddess shows herself in her image that she should drink the flowing wisdom. The Chinnamasta devi is presented in the form of a nude. The goddess is characterized by loose hair, a reddish body and a severed head. The goddess is described as a sixteen-year-old girl in texts describing the Chinnamsta. A blue lotus is seen near the heart of the Goddess’s breast, which is a massive breast. Not everyone is worshiping the goddess as it is a form of terror. But the goddess is like the mother's form. The Chinnamasta devi is usually depicted by standing on the top of lying naked couple. The couple is Rathi and Kamadevan. The goddess wears a skull and a snake around her neck. Two companions can be seen drinking blood from the neck. Their names are Dakini and Varnini. They are also known as Jaya and Vijaya. The goddess has two hands. In one hand there is a severed head and in the other a knife used to cut off the head. There are many stories related to the birth of the Chinnamasta. While bathing in the river Mandakini, Parvati Devi got hungry and her body became black. At this time the companions suffered from severe hunger. Realizing that they had nowhere to eat, Parvati cut off her head and placed it in her hand. Blood was spilled from the neck to the three sides. Blood came into her companion’s mouths and into her mouth. The Chinnamastha temples are located in North India. Chintpurni Temple in Himachal Pradesh and Bishnupur Temple in West Bengal. The Ramnagar Temple at Varanasi. Kamakhya Temple in Assam and Rajrappa Temple in Jharkhand. Chinnamasta is worshiped in all these temples. Chintpurni Temple is located in the Una district of Himachal Pradesh. The temple is one of the shakthi Peethas pilgrimage sites of India. The Shiva Temple in Himachal Pradesh is one of the important seven Shakti Peethas out of the 51 Shakti Peethas. When Chandika Devi slayed the Asura in mythology of Markhandeya, Jaya and Vijaya, who were drinking blood, not satisfied their thirsty. To quench their thirsty, Chandi had his head cut-off and give the blood.